Standards - Principles, theories & models

ImageUnderstand many theories and models, choose from them appropriately and apply them effectively.

Project Type: Group
Class: EDTEC 640 -Psychology of Technology-based Learning
Artifacts: Mayerizing a Presentation Project – Web 2.0 slides




The focus of one of my EDTEC 640 projects was to improve an existing PowerPoint presentation from Slideshare of particularly bad design. In order to accomplish this, our group, which consisted of Matthew Chong, Gina Yusypchuk, Ellie Rest, Ronnie Cross, Rudy Dominguez and myself, incorporated the strategies of Richard Mayer’s cognitive theory of multimedia learning and created a redesigned and narrated presentation.

The Standard Connection

Understand many theories and models, choose from among them appropriately, and apply them effectively.

Of the many theories and models I learned about while going through the EDTEC program, Mayer’s theory and its principles have left a more memorable imprint in my mind. This theory is grounded on how people learn from words and pictures, and Mayer reviews twelve principles of instructional design based on this theory that aid in learning and retention, and reduce cognitive load (Mayer, 2009). Our group divided sections of the poorly designed PowerPoint and we each set out on our own to employ Mayer’s principles of redundancy, coherence, signaling, and spatial and temporal contiguity for our sections. Using these principles, I removed the extraneous text from each slide, created graphic organizers to the content, and made sure to present corresponding words and graphics close together, instead of in separate areas of the slide. The image below demonstrates a slide with such changes.

Image of Mayerized slides

Challenges and Opportunities

Narration was a key component of our presentation, and since each of us had our own sections to complete I needed to get up to speed quickly on how to do that in PowerPoint. I had not spent too much time utilizing the PowerPoint narration and timing features, so I came across quite a few road bumps along the way especially with my timings. I learned quite a bit about that feature because of this project, and I ended up needing those skills in a subsequent project that involved a narrated slide presentation.

Personal and Professional Growth

As I stated before, Mayer’s theory and its principles are some that have stuck with me more than others. I was able to clearly see the before and after of applying this theory.  Looking at the “bad” presentation and then the final product we came up with was like night and day! It really made me wonder about any presentations I had made in the past and if they were guilty of poor practices we set out to fix. Ever since I took this class, I have been able to think more about HOW instruction is presented to a learner and if it employs principles such as Mayer’s to maximize learning and retention by removing unnecessary elements and reducing cognitive load. I have used this theory many times since taking EDTEC 640 and know I will always refer to them in future instructional projects.


Mayer, R.E. (2009). Multimedia learning, second edition. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.